Veterinarians state about two-thirds of pet owners doesn’t comply with the recommended dental treatment for their cats and dogs, both hottest pet animals in homes. But if people understood the consequences that teeth and gum diseases bring, they’d provide their pets’ oral care a serious second thought.
Teeth and gum diseases of your pets can lead to serious illnesses in other organs of the human body that might be fatal if left unattended. Chronic oral diseases affect overall health and cause illness of the liver, heart, lungs, and kidneys.
Common Dental Requirements in Dogs and Cats: What Causes Them and How to Detect Them
Problems of the gums and teeth usually occur by the age of 2-3 decades. Here are some of the common conditions that afflict our furry friends as well as the signs that show you how to find them.
- Gingivitis: If you see mild redness in the gums of your pet, don’t ignore it. This is an indication of gingivitis or gum inflammation. Inflammation of the gums in its first stage is readily reversible once you take immediate corrective measures. Besides redness, there’s some plaque although the gum surface is smooth. Plaque is the top cause of gingivitis. It happens when food debris collects in the mouth area and blends with saliva, dead cells, and mucus, turning the area into a rich breeding ground for bacteria. Bad breath and minor swelling of the teeth are other signs of gingivitis.
- Periodontal Disease: Untended gingivitis turns and soothes right into periodontal disease. Plaque hardens type into tartar and generates gingival pockets (narrow distances between the teeth and teeth). These pockets allow the bacteria to penetrate deeper into the gums, thereby aggravating the redness, swelling, and bleeding. Eventually, the teeth straightened, tissues are destroyed and teeth become loose, putting them at risk of falling outside.
With celiac disease, your pet feels that the pain and has trouble eating and chewing. The breath smells bad and there’s blood from the mouth coming from the gums. Teeth are loose. The worst occurs when bacterial infection penetrates the membranes, goes into the bloodstream, and travels into the other parts of the body, causing systemic illnesses of the vital organs.
- Stomatitis: Chronic Ulcerative Paradental Stomatitis (CUPS), or simply called stomatitis, is a state that happens when your cat or puppy develops a severe reaction to the plaque on the tooth surfaces. It can cause inflammation of the throat and the palate and there’s accompanying loss of desire, an enormous quantity of spit, bleeding, mouth sensitivity, severe halitosis or bad breath, and weight loss.
Most frequently, stomatitis is due to untreated gingivitis or periodontal disease.
- Baby Teeth: dogs and cats have baby teeth, also, just like humans. They fall out and are replaced with adult permanent teeth. In puppies, the adult teeth are generally all set up at 7 – 8 weeks old, and in cats, baby teeth are typically replaced entirely by 4 months old. Retained baby teeth can cause a problem when the adult teeth come out. They can lead to overcrowding, the mature tooth may come out jagged and cause an erroneous bite and plaque is quicker to grow and construct up. It’s simple to spot teeth that are retained. There are just two teeth occupying one place; among these is your baby tooth and the other is the adult tooth trying to emerge. A veterinarian can best ascertain the condition and pull the baby out tooth to make way for the permanent one to erupt.
- Tooth Root Abscess: A tooth root abscess is an infection that occurs in the root of the pet’s tooth. It’s characterized by the presence of pus but most pet owners won’t be able to see the pus. Outward symptoms include loss of appetite, difficulty in eating, and facial swelling as the abscess develops. The creature may paw at the site or rub its face on the floor, frequently leading one to think it is an itch.
An abscess is usually caused by two conditions: the existence of periodontal disease and tooth traumatic trauma or crack. In periodontal disease, the enlarged pockets allow food debris and bacteria to collect indoors and form an abscess while a broken or cracked tooth exposes the cells under the tooth, providing entry to the germs which cause the abscess.
How to Prevent Dental Diseases On Your Pets
As they say, prevention is always better than cure. You can help prevent these common dental conditions from affecting your pets and keep them healthy and comfortable. In the home, you can brush their teeth once per day or even only 3 times a week to complement the professional cleaning of a vet which could be done annually. Learn more about dog and cat dental care here.
Brushing can be carried out by using a brush or wrap your finger in a gauze pad and hammering it at a 45-degree angle, then moving the finger in a circular movement, and covering all regions when possible. There are particular veterinary toothpaste, antibacterial soaps, and rawhide chew strips you can purchase in the vet’s clinic. These products reduce plaque buildup and may go a very long way to maintaining their oral wellness.
Give your pet nontoxic toys they can chew on to massage their teeth and function as an outlet for their stress and boredom. Again, your veterinarian is your best adviser on those toys.
But professional cleaning and cleaning are necessary and cannot be undertaken by you independently. A comprehensive checkup involves x-rays for anesthesia and investigations for total cleaning. Look after your pets. They may not be much help around the house but the joy and merriment they bring are worth much more than the money spent for their care.
Dental Care for Pets
As experienced veterinarians, we all know most pets do not receive the oral hygiene care they need to keep their teeth and gums healthy. That is why we’re so passionate about providing regular dental care as a crucial component of your pet’s oral and general health.
In our Ambler animal practice, we provide complete dental care for your pet, from fundamental dental exams, teeth cleaning, and polishing to surgeries and dental x-rays and radiographs.
Cats and dogs need access to qualified preventive and restorative veterinary dental hygiene. At Spring House Animal Hospital, our vets supply the attentive care that your pet needs. Click this link for more information.