The Basics of Labyrinthitis: Concept Behind This Ear Infection

The ears are a human body part mainly neglected and overlooked. People frequently regard this area as risk-free from potential infections. However, this connotation is typically negated by healthcare professionals. In fact, countless ear-associated conditions are widespread in the medical field. Featured in the list is an internal ear disorder called labyrinthitis. This article is specifically written to explain the principle behind this illness.


Anatomically speaking, the inner ears are constructed with a canal-like and bone-enclosed structure called a labyrinth. This incorporates the two most essential parts of the human body, primarily in charge of individuals’ sense of hearing and balance.


First is the cochlea, which is a hollow and spiral-shaped bone. It plays a significant role in delivering the sounds perceived from the outside environment to the brain. The resonation waves produced are modified into electrical impulses. Subsequently, these signals can be analyzed by the human mind as frequencies comprehended as messages.

Vestibular System

Second, the vestibular system contains a complex set of fluid-filled channels responsible for controlling the human body’s equilibrium. This structure conveys information to the brain regarding spatial orientation. It permits the coordination of movements with balance as a response to both self-induced and externally generated forces.

Clinical Significance

Clinically speaking, when the nerves within these structures are infected, it can lead to complete chaos. Suppose both of these inner ear portions are damaged. In this case, these can not correctly convey auditory and equilibrium signals to the brain. As a result, a person’s hearing and balancing functionalities might be impaired, leading to a condition called labyrinthitis.

Signs and Symptoms

The manifestations of labyrinthitis can change from manageable to severe, which will definitely vanish after quite a while. However, this can resurface once the head moves around. Fortunately, this condition does not usually interfere with pain perception.

Numerous signs and symptoms can be linked with labyrinthitis. This can include dizziness, disequilibrium, nausea, unstable stare, vomiting, and hearing loss. However, the most prevailing and dangerous one is vertigo.

Risk Factors

Typically, labyrinthitis can originate from two types of risk factors. It can be from bacterial or viral infections. The distinction between these two is the severity and treatment.

Viral Labyrinthitis

The widespread causes of labyrinthitis often develop because of viral infection. This typically occurs when viral microorganisms suddenly attack the common pathways within the body, including the chest, nose, mouth, and throat.

Consequently, these invasions can lead to various health problems like cold flu, chickenpox, measles, mumps, hepatitis, and shingles. The manifestations of these conditions can drastically impair the inner ears, yielding to labyrinthitis.

Bacterial Labyrinthitis

If the viral type primarily emerges from mild infectious varieties, bacterial labyrinthitis is the opposite. It is rare and severe as the pathogens associated can enter when the inner ear is damaged.

This can ensue due to an infection within the middle ear or brain lining. The first is chronic otitis media, which causes a fluid buildup that can advance to the inner ear. While the latter is called meningitis, where germs from the outside invade the labyrinth.



The sole objective of medication is to reduce the signs and symptoms brought on by labyrinthitis. Because of this, there are countless over-the-counter drugs conveniently available for the public to purchase. Antihistamines are the leading prescription for this category. However, antibiotics, corticosteroids, and sedatives might be advised for severe labyrinthitis.


Labyrinthitis is typically linked with vertigo, triggering disequilibrium. So, to manage this concern, the physician will probably introduce the patient to a physical therapy program called vestibular rehabilitation. It is an exercise-based treatment plan offered by reputable facilities like Seeking Balance. This is primarily conducted to reduce problems related to dizziness, thereby strengthening equilibrium and steadiness.

Online Program

Professionals revealed a specific guide targeting to attain superior self-betterment: rock steady for tinnitus and vertigo. This online toolkit promises to get your lives back on track by spending 15 minutes of your time each day through the neuroplasticity for PPPD program. It aims to modify and rewire the neural connections within the body to regain the standard functioning of the different human systems